The Chicago White Sox are a Major League Baseball team based in Chicago , Illinois . They are in the Central Division of the American League. The team came into existence in the year 1901. The club adopted the name "White Stockings," the original name of the Chicago Cubs, and acquired a number of stars from the National League, including pitcher and manager Clark Griffith, who paced the White Sox to the AL 's first pennant in 1901. The nickname was quickly shortened to "White Sox." Chicago fielded several powerful teams during the early 1900s, winning World Series championships in 1906 and 1917. Walsh, Doc White and Nick Altrock paced the White Sox to their 1906 pennant and their first World Series victory, a stunning upset over the Cubs who had won a record 116 regular-season games.
Chicago won four AL pennants and two World Series titles from 1901 through 1919. The year 1919 is of the infamous Black Sox scandal. Eight White Sox players, including Cicotte and Jackson, were involved, to vary degrees, in a plot by gamblers to "fix" the World Series. Especially considered their lack of success since the scandal, many people feel that the White Sox have never quite overcome the stigma of being the only team to allegedly fix the World Series. The White Sox moved into the newly opened Comiskey Park in 1910 where several great batsmen led the White Sox to prominence from 1915 to 1919. As they captured the pennant again in 1919, the White Sox were heavily favored to defeat the Cincinnati Reds in the World Series. The team dropped into seventh place in 1921 and would not compete again until 1936. In 1936, the White Sox improved as they came on the third place with a solid record of 81-70 that ended a 10 year string of losing seasons, in the next session the team again captivated third place with a score of 86-68. Led from 1934 to 1946 by popular manager Jimmie Dykes, the White Sox didn't completely recover from their malaise until the team was rebuilt in the 1950s under managers Paul Richards, Marty Marion, and Al Lopez. The team faced slight decline until 1950.
In 1951 the White Sox captivated 4 th place with a record of 81-73. The additions of rookie shortstop Luis Aparicio in 1956 and manager Al Lopez in 1957 strengthened the team. In the season of 1957 the White Sox achieved 8 games as first place as they ended the season on second place with a good score of 90-64. In 1959, the team won its first pennant in 40 years. In 1964 season, the team won 98 games, four more than 1959. The White Sox posted three consecutive second-place finishes from 1963 through 1965 but never topped the AL again until 1983, when the White Sox assembled their best team since the Black Sox scandal. After captivating second-place in 1990 and 1991, the White Sox won another West Division title in 1993, at this time the team was managed by Gene Lamont. The Sox won Game 1 of the World Series 11-0 on the strength of Kluszewski's two home runs, their last postseason home win until 2005.